|NATIONAL ISLAMIC FRONT 1989-97||PEACE
CHARTERS AND PEACE CAMPS
"Some of the worst disruption in northern Bahr al-Ghazal in 1995 has been caused by Kerubino Kuanyin Bol's forces. Formerly one of the most senior commanders in the SPLA, Kerubino was arrested in 1987 by Ethiopian security officials cooperating with the SPLA and held in an SPLA prison until 1992. He was reportedly tor tured. After his release he joined SPLA-United (renamed the SSIA in late 1994), led by Dr Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon. He returned to his home area of Gogrial in 1994 to recruit for SPLA-United / SSIA. While purporting to be fighting the Sudanese government, by the start of 1995 he was operating from a military base in the government- controlled town of Gogrial, armed and supplied by the authorities. In January 1995 he was expelled from the SSIA..." Top
("Sudan - Progress or public relations?" Amnesty International 29 May 1996)
Food supplies in the area have been severely disrupted by attacks on villages and relief centres, combined with the government's refusal to allow the UN Operation Lifeline Sudan access to northern Bahr al-Ghazal for much of the time. In the first half of 1995 the number of people displaced by war and moving to areas under government control had risen to 286, 000.Top
In April 1996 Riek Machar's Southern Sudan Independence Army also signed an agreement with the government, called a "Peace Charter", which as designed to turn divisions among southerners to government advantage.
As a result of famine and raiding, many thousands of civilians have been forced from their homes in Bahr al-Ghazal and South Kordofan, as well as elsewhere in the war zone. Many are taken to so-called "Peace Camps", where children are separated from their families and taken for religio-political indoctrination and training by agencies close to the National Islamic Front government. This is a planned, systematic operation which is taking place on a far larger scale than the incidents of slavery.Top