HISTORY

EARLY HISTORY

Flashpoint for Conflict
Encouraging Hostility
Rise of the Jallaba
Vivid Memories
"My Cousin Mohamed" - poem
 Seasonal Migration
 Dawn of Abolition
 Darfur


BEFORE INDEPENDENCE - 1900-1956

Pacification & Closed Districts
 "Sudanisation"


AFTER INDEPENDENCE - 1956-1989

1956-1989
The First Civil War
 Abyei - A Premonition?
A Ngok Dinka Song
 "Islamic" Law
 Civil War re-ignites
 The SPLA
 Loss of Moral Authority
 Uprising
SEASONAL MIGRATION
During the "hungry season" of the year, the semi-nomadic Baggara traditionally migrate southwards with their cattle to parts of Northern Bahr al-Ghazal, leading to occasional - but often intense - conflict with the pastoral Dinka tribes over the scarce resources of grazing land and water. 

Senior figures from both sides would periodically engage in conferences to resolve the worst of the conflicts and negotiate for the return of captives and slaves.
 

Why are you after a soil as dark as the Dinka? 
What do you want from the dark soil of the Dinka? 

You are a people who simply go after grazing areas
in the three months of the dry season. 

How can a person of three months' residence
dispute the land with the settlers of all seasons? 


- Nazir Moneim Mansour to Nazir Babo Nimir at the Peace Conference in Abyei, March 1965 

(source: Dr Francis M. Deng, Dinka Cosmology, p.265)