Flashpoint for Conflict
Rise of the Jallaba
"My Cousin Mohamed" - poem
Dawn of Abolition
BEFORE INDEPENDENCE - 1900-1956
& Closed Districts
AFTER INDEPENDENCE - 1956-1986
The First Civil War
Abyei - A Premonition?
Civil War re-ignites
Loss of Moral Authority
During the "hungry season" of the year, the semi-nomadic Baggara traditionally
migrate southwards with their cattle to parts of Northern Bahr al-Ghazal,
leading to occasional, but often intense conflict with the pastoral Dinka
tribes over the scarce resources of grazing land and water. Senior figures
from both sides would periodically engage in conferences to resolve the
worst of the conflicts and negotiate for the return of captives and slaves.
"Why are you after a soil as dark as the Dinka?
What do you want from
the dark soil of the Dinka?
You are a people who simply
go after grazing areas in the three months of the dry season.
How can a person of three months' residence dispute the land with the
settlers of all seasons?"
- Nazir Moneim Mansour to Nazir Babo Nimir at the Peace Conference
in Abyei, March 1965
(Dr Francis M. Deng, Dinka Cosmology, p.265)