Flashpoint for Conflict
When Sudan became independent in 1956, open slave-trading had been eliminated for more than half a century. Old former slaves could still be found in the homes of their former masters for want of any alternative livelihood, but they were, in theory, free. Occasional covert slavery lingered in remote regions, but had virtually died out under the Anglo-Egyptian administration.
Human prejudices, however, changed more slowly, and it remained a struggle for southern Sudanese - as well as Nuba, Ingessana and Darfuri peoples - to gain genuine recognition as social and political equals with their Arabic- speaking compatriots in northern Sudan.Top
FIRST CIVIL WAR
The war ended with an agreement signed in 1972 in Addis Ababa which gave the south a form of autonomy and was regarded as the principal achievement of then president Jaafar Nimeiri.
However, this failed to solve the imbalance of economic power and was undermined over the next ten years, both by northern manoeuvring and by disputes among southern groups. Top