HISTORY

EARLY HISTORY

Flashpoint for Conflict
Encouraging Hostility
Rise of the Jallaba
Vivid Memories
"My Cousin Mohamed" - poem
 Seasonal Migration
 Dawn of Abolition
 Darfur


BEFORE INDEPENDENCE - 1900-1956

Pacification & Closed Districts
 "Sudanisation"


AFTER INDEPENDENCE - 1956-1989

1956-1989
The First Civil War
 Abyei - A Premonition?
A Ngok Dinka Song
 "Islamic" Law
 Civil War re-ignites
 The SPLA
 Loss of Moral Authority
 Uprising
 
1956 -1989
When Sudan became independent in 1956, open slave-trading had been eliminated for more than half a century. Old former slaves could still be found in the homes of their former masters for want of any alternative livelihood, but they were, in theory, free. Occasional covert slavery lingered in remote regions, but had virtually died out under the Anglo-Egyptian administration. 

Human prejudices, however, changed more slowly, and it remained a struggle for southern Sudanese - as well as Nuba, Ingessana and Darfuri peoples - to gain genuine recognition as social and political equals with their Arabic- speaking compatriots in northern Sudan.Top

THE FIRST CIVIL WAR 
From 1955 until 1972 a long and bitter civil war was fought between successive governments and the Anya-Nya rebels who wanted independence for south Sudan. Despite many other atrocities, there were no reports at the time of an upsurge in slavery - although southerners do claim that it was going on. 

The war ended with an agreement signed in 1972 in Addis Ababa which gave the south a form of autonomy and was regarded as the principal achievement of then president Jaafar Nimeiri. 

However, this failed to solve the imbalance of economic power and was undermined over the next ten years, both by northern manoeuvring and by disputes among southern groups. Top